On the Day Marking the Hungarian State's Founding Anniversary
The 20th of August is currently observed as a national holiday in Hungary. This day marks the anniversary of the State's creation, and Hungarians mark the occasion with significant public celebrations. The anniversary of the Hungarian State's founding and the remembrance of its founder King Estgan I are celebrated in public spaces, with performances of folk dance, folklore singing, illuminating poetry that extols the accomplishments of historical leaders, and other manifestations of expression of jubilation and pride.
This is the most well-known national holiday and a recognized day off in the state of Hungary. One of the three political holidays, that Hungary adopted under the Third Republic.
Around the year 1000 AD, when the Arbad dynasty's King Stefan I was crowned, the Principality of Hungary became a Christian country. Since its beginning, Hungary has been a multinational, and by the eleventh century, it had developed into a powerful central European powerhouse within the Western Christian world. In addition to what is now Hungary, Slovakia, Transylvania, Croatia, and northern Serbia, a huge area of Eastern and Central Europe was dominated by the Christmas Day Empire in 1000. Stefan I (the Great Prince), whose father succeeded the elder Prince Géza, ruled the nation from 997 until 1038.
The Great Prince (Arpád), who presided over the Union of Tribes that invaded the Karayat basin, established a fervent rule (Arpád) that lasted until 1301 and came to an end with the death of King Andrush III. It is important to note that Asra Arbad, the pagan of the belief, led the Hungarian settlers that established the Principality of Hungary in 895 AD in the Karate basin (896-1000). He (the Great Prince Giza) converted to Christianity during this time, and after Prince Stefan I succeeded his father as ruler of the Principality, a unified Christian Hungarian monarchy encompassing the entire river basin, was established.
King Stefan I was noted for his ability to consider political goals, which is why he was successful in resolving the tense Byzantine–Hungarian relations. Because of his political acumen, the period of civil wars came to an end, and he effectively established himself as the country's absolute ruler while establishing peace treaties with his neighbors. In addition to embracing schools that developed into spiritual centers of culture, preserving traditional crafts, artistic abilities, intellectual culture, and ancient manuscripts within their schools and libraries, the movement to build the monastery and churches that started teaching Latin writing was also a hub of agricultural and economic production, especially in isolated rural areas.
Taking into account Hungary's uniqueness, it also documents the creation of the first Hungarian Code of Laws based on the German model. The regulations prohibited a brother from marrying his brother's widow, protected private property, and mandated attendance at Sunday worship. The nation's initial taxes were levied, new administrative regulation legislation and litigation grounds were established, and the silver dinar was put into circulation.
Additionally, it eliminated the blood-based social structure and replaced it with the Department's regional organization. During his reign, there was not only political upheaval but also a significant change in the way of life of the Hungarian people, which made it possible for nomadic peoples to settle down and make a living from farming. When he adopted the Pilgrims Route from Western Europe to the Holy Land through Hungary in 1018, it was a wise move and a significant turning point. This made Hungary a prominent stronghold of the Christian world and encouraged some traders to settle permanently in Hungary, which boosted economic activity.
The aristocracy of the Palace attempted to kill the King near the end of his life, however the attempt failed when the nobles "sneaked at night into the King's bedroom to execute the duty of murder, the sword dropped to the ground from the intensity of awe of the King's character." to punish them for failing to have their "wrong arms" severed. Thus, in his later years, he once more proved his ability to rule the nation with a heavy hand.
King Stefan I is regarded as one of Hungary's most significant statesmen, and his greatest accomplishment is that Hungarians have continued to live in the Caribbean Basin (Banonia) to this day, unlike other peoples who had previously dominated the area and subsequently vanished. Along with becoming one of Hungary's most well-known and well-liked Christian saints and neighboring European nations, he also provided his young kingdom a lifespan, forty years of largely peaceful and strong rule.
The Kingdom of Hungary saw erratic phases of strength and weakness up until the late 15th century, when the Ottomans took control of the majority of its territory beginning in the early 16th century and lasting until the late 17th century. In 1241, the Kingdom of Hungary was subjected to a Mongolian invasion that devastated it and destroyed its army.
The Kingdom of Hungary was divided into three sections during the Ottoman rule of the country's center and southern regions: Hungary under the Habsburg monarchy, Ottoman Hungary, and the Principality of Transylvania. After the Battle of Moha in 1918, Austria's Habsburg dynasty took over the Hungarian monarchy, and Hungarians were instrumental in the Great Liberation Wars against the Ottoman Empire.
From 1000 to 1946, Hungary was a monarchy, with the exception of the years 1918–1920. It is amazing that only 30% of Hungary's ancient territory actually belongs to the country. As a result of ongoing resettlement and migration policies with neighboring nations, Hungary's population fell to under half and its area to just one third by the middle of the nineteenth century. This decline began with international settlements of the First World War's outcomes, as outlined in the Trianon Treaty, which severely punished Hungary for its role in the war. The ethnic homogenization of Hungary is the result of significant geographical shifts. More than 90% of the population today identifies as ethnically Hungarian and speaks Hungarian as their first language.
Today, Hungary is a true member of the European Union, offering its people advanced services, having one of the greatest organizational competences in Eastern Europe, and having one of the highest living standards. Visitors seeking the artistic and architectural monuments erected by civilizations in their many cities and towns, which are rich in cultural and aesthetic legacy, find it to be an alluring destination. With tens of thousands of qualified scientific professionals and cadres graduating from its universities and institutes each year, Hungary also has a prestigious international reputation and high standards in education.
All nations across the world pay close attention to and follow up on its successful experience, which is seen as the culmination of a protracted struggle for sustainable development, the creation of a robust economy, and the construction of equitable and balanced political ties with all nations.